Surrealism and the Dream in Madrid
Surrealism and the Dream is an exhibition held in Madrid from 8 October 2013 to 12 January 2014 at the Thyssen Museum.
Surrealism was not just another artistic movement but an attitude to life that has left a profound mark on all subsequent artistic creation. For the first time this exhibition will reveal how this transformation of modern sensibility had its roots in the profound connection between dream and image in Surrealism. Paintings, drawings, collages, sculptures and photographs by artists such as André Breton, Salvador Dalí, Paul Delvaux, Yves Tanguy, René Magritte, André Masson, Max Ernst, Jean Arp, Claude Cahun and Paul Nougé will be used to construct an overview of this fascinating relationship proposed by the curator José Jiménez, to which little attention has been given in art-historical studies. From the outset, the Surrealists championed the dream together with automatic writing, seeing them as fundamental routes towards the liberation of the psyche. While Freud’s thinking, in particular his great work The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), was crucial for the Surrealists’ own approach to the world of dreams, they were more than mere followers of his ideas. For them, the dream was a field of experience different to that of conscious life, and knowledge of it was essential for the enrichment and expansion of the psyche. All informations on the official webpage of the Thyssen Museum.
In 1988, the Spanish government leased a large, important collection of works of art accumulated during the 20th century by the Thyssen-Bornemisza family, ultimately acquiring it in 1993. It is now housed in the Villahermosa Palace, a Neoclassical building from the late 18th-century remodeled for this purpose by Rafael Moneo. The museum was inaugurated on October 8, 1992 and expanded in 2004 to make room for the Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza collection.
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